Sunday, October 1, 2017

Mid Autumn 2017 In The High Knob Massif


September 30, 2017
Rugged Stone-Pickem Mountain
Flag Rock Recreation Area - City of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

A chilly ending to September and beginning of October will help autumn color changes accelerate through coming days.

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Check this awesome drone video captured for the 
High Knob Hellbender 10K, to be run on October 7, showing the massive, spreading top of the 
High Knob Massif.

Hellbender 10K Finish Line
Check out the SWEET view you'll get after climbing 2,000 feet on Oct. 1. Register today at http://ultrasignup.com/register.aspx?did=37753.
Posted by High Knob Hellbender 10k on Monday, August 29, 2016
Be sure to go full screen to fully enjoy the view.

( Drone Video by Robert VanGundy - August 29, 2017 )

A description of what is seen.

A great drone video that shows how truly massive the top of High Knob is as it spreads outward for miles ( thus the High Knob Massif ).  This is video shot for the 2017 High Knob Hellbender 10K.

The drone initially rises up for a view of the Big Cherry Lake basin, and high valleys, that spread out for miles with the Powell Mountain block in the far distance ( between East Stone Gap and the Duffield Valley ).  The top of the massif is all that can be seen when looking down the middle of Big Cherry Lake basin and adjoining Powell Mountain
on this morning.

The top of a fog layer, hovering over Powell Valley in Wise County, can just be seen on the right in between the mountain ridges as the drone hoves a bit in this direction.  The fog top is visible through Beaverdam Gap in the crest of the massif.  Ridges of Wallen Ridge and Stone Mountain are visible beyond the little rounded top of fog in this direction.  Note that the Wallen Ridge Prison site can be seen just beyond this rounded fog top as well.

The drone view turns left and shows Little Mountain Knob & Big Flat Top, as well as the top of valley fog lying over the Clinch River toward the far southeastern base of the massif  The large Straight Fork Gorge and far southeastern flanks of the massif, toward Devil Fork, are visible as the drone initially rose above the Lookout Tower and again here before it turns left across Little Mountain and Big Flat Top-Camp Rock.  Note at the beginning of the video that the U-shaped curve of the walk going up to the Lookout is pointed right at Straight Fork Gorge and a fog layer that is far in the distance over the Clinch River Valley.

As the drone continues turning left the High Knob Lake basin
comes into view, with the bowed-shaped crest line of Osborne Ridge, southeast of Bark Camp Lake, along the far horizon ( blocking the view of river valley fog over top the Clinch River Valley ).

As the drone continues turning left the Communication Towers on Eagle Knob come into view, with the sprawling eastern expanse of the massif seen partly to the right of the towers ( much of it is not visible and is being blocked by the high crest line that runs from Eagle Knob toward the communities of High Chaparral and Robinson Knob ).  Note a small, distinctly rounded knob that rises up to the lower right of the Communication Towers ( that is Little Eagle Knob at 3921 feet ).

The northern slopes of the massif, above Ramsey and the City of Norton, come into view to the left of the towers on Eagle Knob as you look downward.  The top of fog is again partially visible here over the Guest River Valley.

Note a separation in the trees up high on the massif as the drone continues turning left, that is State Route 619 as it comes across Chestnut Flats.  If you look off just right of this area you can see a long drainage going down toward a sharp topped peak, which is Benges Basin.  The Upper Norton Reservoir rests in a high cove along the front and side of that peak ( actually twin peaks that rise to over 3500 feet ).  The Norton Reservoirs are not visible.

As the drone continues turning left, U.S. 23 passing through the head of Powell Valley, near the Powell Valley Overlook, is visible through a gap in the crest that is locally known as Rocky Hollow. The dome-like ridge crest of Grindstone Ridge is then seen as the drone finishes its 360 degree rotation and looks back across lofty Big Cherry Basin.

The drone then does another 360 degree rotation which features a better, and more clear look toward the southeast and Osborne Ridge rising on the southeast side of the crest ( note how wide the mountain top is in this direction and how wide it is looking across the Big Cherry Basin and the Powell Mountain block ).

Note also how even-topped the valley fog layer appears over the
Clinch River Valley, as it has formed beneath a nocturnal temperature inversion.

It is good to know what you are looking at from such a great video, so I wanted to share this for the benefit of anyone interested ( the bird that flies by looks like it may be a Common Nighthawk, as it appears too big for a Swift, but I will have to look at it some more ).

This great drone video reminded me of the GoPro Video captured by pilot Harless Greear on May 16, 2014 as he made an awesome flight up and over the summit of High Knob.

May 16, 2014
Harless Greear GoPro Airplane Video
video

Another lingering nocturnal temperature inversion, so typical of this
complex terrain, can be seen during this flight up to the summit level.

September 30, 2017
Northern Slopes of High Knob Massif
Brilliant Color In Flag Rock Recreation Area
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The brightest color, as of September 30, was developing along northern slopes of the High Knob Massif, with duller colorations at highest elevations where color was better during mid September.

September 30, 2017
11th Annual High Knob Naturalist Rally
Morning View From High Knob Lookout
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Eagle Knob of High Knob
September 2017 Temperatures
Elevation 4188 feet

Average Daily MAX: 63.8 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 52.4 degrees
MEAN: 58.1 degrees
Highest Temperature: 73 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 41 degrees
Total Rainfall: 3.50" to 4.00"

September 30, 2017
Elevation 3200 feet
Autumn In Flag Rock Recreation Area
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The first widespread 30s, with areas of frost, were observed in mountain valleys into morning hours of October 1.  Minimums varied from the upper 20s to 
middle 30s in colder valleys, with 34.8 degrees 
being the official low in Clintwood.

*A 26 degree low was recorded in Canaan Valley of the northeastern West Virginia highlands for the coldest valley temperature reported along the central-southern Appalachians during early October.

Canaan Valley was closer to the center of High Pressure, with efficient decoupling of boundary layer winds.  This is often a key factor for coldness in these high valley "frost pockets", with both Burkes Garden and valleys in the high country of the High Knob Massif having more turbulent mixing by wind during early October to limit their cooling potential ( to 31-32 degrees ).

September 30, 2017
Northern Slopes of High Knob Massif
Brilliant Color In Flag Rock Recreation Area
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 30, 2017
Upper Tennessee River Basin
Northern Slopes of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 30, 2017
Elevation 3200 feet
Flag Rock Recreation Area
Approaching Sunset Above The City of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 30, 2017
Elevation 3200 feet
Flag Rock Recreation Area
Approaching Sunset Above The City of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 30, 2017
Rugged Stone-Pickem Mountain
Flag Rock Recreation Area - City of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

There remains a dominant green component upon looking downward toward Powell Valley Overlook 
in Little Stone Mountain Gap.

Observe the Black Mountain FAA Radar Dome 
is visible in the upper right corner of photograph.

September 30, 2017
Late Afternoon View From Flag Rock Overlook
Little Stone Mountain Gap-Powell Valley Overlook
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 4, 2017
The Nearly Full Harvest Moon
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Closing In On The Peak
Upper Elevations

October 5, 2017
Elevation 3318 feet
Autumn Reflections at Upper Norton Reservoir
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

It is clear that color is approaching the peak at upper elevations in the High Knob Massif, with conditions varying from bare trees around High Knob Lookout 
to green trees mixed amid color in other locations.

October 5, 2017
Elevation 3200 feet
Autumn Beauty In Flag Rock Recreation Area
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Frosty cold nights during the past week 
have certainly enhanced color changes.

October 5, 2017
Benges Basin of High Knob Massif
Autumn Reflections at Upper Norton Reservoir
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The afternoon of October 5 was mostly ideal for photographing autumn color in upper elevations of the High Knob Massif, IF you were patient.  It took a while to capture clear water reflection shots due to wind that would erase the mirror-like palette of colors.

October 5, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Beautiful Mountain Maple ( Acer spicatum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

A diversity of species, many with northern affinities, add to the spectrum of color across middle-upper elevations in the High Knob Massif.

October 5, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Gorgeous Maroon-Burgundy-Purple of Ash
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

An array of White Ash Trees ( Fraxinus americana ) that display gorgeous colors every autumn, varying from maroon to purple, turn early and are long-lasting. 

A telephoto lens helps show the true beauty of these trees, which seem 
to always be most striking at elevations above 3000 to 3500 feet in the 
High Knob Massif on moist slopes receiving abundant sunlight.

October 5, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
White Ash Growing Above 3500 feet Elevation
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 5, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Brilliant Mixture of Autumn Color
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 5, 2017
High Knob Massif
Color Mixture Along Cliff-laden Slope
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 5, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Brilliant Autumn Color Against Blue Skies
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 5, 2017
High Knob Massif
Mirror-like + Ripples = Interesting Reflections
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 5, 2017
Northern Slopes of High Knob Massif
Colorful and Rugged Stone-Pickem Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The impact of heavy rain + wind with remnants of 
Nate will be detrimental to color at highest elevations, exposed to stronger winds, with affects on other zones being uncertain and dependent in part upon how bad conditions get during coming days.


Past Peak Conditions
High Crest-lines & Valleys
October 13, 2017

While some nice color can still be found, the peak has passed along highest crest lines and in the high valleys in wake of rain, wind, and early month temperatures that locally dipped to freezing or below.

October 13, 2017
Valley Floor Elevation 3200 feet
Big Cherry Lake Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

An average nightly low temperature of 34.0 degrees 
was observed at the Big Cherry Valley 4 recording site during October 1-5, with 31.5 degrees being the lowest observed temperature.

This officially ended the growing 
season at 145 days ( 4.8 months ).

October 13, 2017
Big Cherry Lake Wetland Valley
Sugar Maple Stands Out Amid Mainly Bare Trees
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Big Cherry Wetland 2
October 1-13 of 2017
Elevation 3248 feet

Average Daily MAX: 68.3 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 47.7 degrees
MEAN: 58.0 degrees
Highest Temperature: 73 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 37.3 degrees

A general range of conditions along the valley; although, 
it is unlikely that sensors are placed in either the coolest 
or warmest spots amid this large watershed basin.

Big Cherry Wetland 4
October 1-13 of 2017
Elevation 3186 feet

Average Daily MAX: 72.4 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 44.0 degrees
MEAN: 58.2 degrees
Highest Temperature: 77 degrees
*Lowest Temperature: 31.5 degrees

October 13, 2017
Upper Tennessee River Basin
Big Cherry Lake Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 13, 2017
Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

When clouds form on upslope flow, and the high country does not actually become engulfed inside them, it is as if you can almost reach up and touch the cloud bases on days like October 13.

October 13, 2017
SE Wind Upslope Flow
Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Reach Up And Touch The Clouds
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Color Peak Yet To Come
Lower-Middle Elevations

The peak of color was yet to come, as of October 12, 
across lower-middle elevations along and north of the 
High Knob Massif.

October 12, 2017
Northern Dickenson County
Developing Color Along Pine Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 12, 2017
View From Adam Childress Family Farm
Developing Color Along Pine Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 12, 2017
Developing Color Along Pine Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 12, 2017
Upper Big Sandy River Basin
Developing Color Along Pine Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

October 12, 2017
Beautiful Skies Above Pine Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

This section is under construction.  Please check back.

Sunday, September 17, 2017

Early Autumn 2017 In High Knob Massif


September 16, 2017
High Knob Massif - Elevation 3186 feet
Early Autumn In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

A cool first half of September in 2017 has accelerated color changes in the high country 
of the High Knob Massif.

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High Knob Naturalist Rally

Do not forget the 11th Annual High Knob Naturalist Rally to be held again this year in majestic High Knob Lake Recreation Area on September 30, 2017.

My preliminary weather forecast is calling for chilly conditions this year, so be sure to plan on dressing for late autumn weather in the high country 
( stay tuned for updates as time gets closer ).

September 16, 2017
South Fork of Powell River Basin
Early Autumn In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Some of the most advanced color changes are in 
the high basins where cold air drainage and pooling has featured nights in the 30s amid colder places.

Big Cherry Wetland 4
September 1-16 Temperatures
Elevation 3186 feet

Average Daily MAX: 65.3 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 45.6 degrees
MEAN: 55.4 degrees
Highest Temperature: 74 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 35 degrees

An average low of 37.7 degrees during September 7-10.

Large Cinnamon Ferns ( Osmundastrum cinnamomeum ) are adding to autumn color on the floor of wetland valleys of Big Cherry Lake.

That this much color is seen is not surprising.  
The MEAN daily temperature has been 9 to 10 degrees lower than down in the Tri-Cities.  So just wait until the mean in the TRI drops by 9 to 10 degrees and see how much color is seen there. 

Better yet, merely look at long-term climatology which shows that the MEAN daily temperature typically drops to between 55 and 56 degrees ( Fahrenheit ) in the Tri-Cities by October 18-19.  While shortening days certainly play a role, mean temperature is a major factor.

September 16, 2017
Valley Floor 1037 feet Below High Knob Peak
Early Autumn In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Big Cherry Wetland 2
September 1-16 Temperatures
Elevation 3248 feet

Average Daily MAX: 61.4 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 48.6 degrees
MEAN: 55.0 degrees
Highest Temperature: 69 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 39 degrees

September 16, 2017
Upper Tennessee River Basin
Early Autumn In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Following a morning low of 46 degrees the afternoon was mostly cloudy, with a few sprinkles of rain amid the wetland valley of Big Cherry Lake.  The max temp reached 73 degrees in the open valley and a humid 68 degrees in the forest near the valley head.  

September 16, 2017
Turbulent Skies Produce Only Sprinkles
Early Autumn In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

I have observed these early color changes along high valley floors of Big Cherry Lake basin for a long time, and it is not unusual for trees here to be past peak or even bare by the time of the general peak in this region. 

Trees here change and drop leaves often long before thermal belt ridge locations, such as along Little Mountain ( in the High Knob Massif ) and the Sandy Ridge-Wise plateaus, and typically change long before they do in most of Powell Valley and the lower elevations.

September 16, 2017
Early Autumn In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


High Knob Lake Basin

September 16, 2017
Looking Across High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Looking across High Knob Lake basin the most color is where cold air drains downward into the basin, along northern exposed slopes.

High Knob Lake
September 1-16 Temperatures
Elevation 3527 feet

Average Daily MAX: 62.1 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 48.6 degrees
MEAN: 55.4 degrees
Highest Temperature: 70 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 41 degrees

September 16, 2017
High Knob Lake - Elevation 3527 feet
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The impact of this acceleration in color that will now be followed by a week or two of above average temperatures remains to be seen with respect to the peak and its quality, as these initial changes may stall or allow these leaves to dull or fall off
prior to the main peak.

Some of this is not atypical, as I noted above, but this year many places are experiencing early color changes due to unseasonably cool September conditions.

September 16, 2017
Late Afternoon Light With Breaking Clouds
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Late Afternoon Light With Breaking Clouds
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
High Knob Lake of High Knob Massif
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Early Autumn In High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Benges Basin

September 16, 2017
Water Elevation 3318 feet
Upper Norton Reservoir of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Benges Basin always features early color changes, with the Upper Norton Reservoir being an ideal and easy to reach location for anyone wanting to practice photographing water reflections.  Light winds are an absolute necessity if you want 
mirror-like images.

Graduated Neutral Density, Warming, and Polarizing filters are what I use to bring out the most vivid water reflections.

September 16, 2017
Late Afternoon Water Reflections
Upper Norton Reservoir of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Late Afternoon Water Reflections
Upper Norton Reservoir of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Late Afternoon Water Reflections
Upper Norton Reservoir of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

September 16, 2017
Upper Norton Reservoir of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Color Progression
Weekend September 23-24

Atypical Autumn Haze
High Country of High Knob Massif
Looking Across Big Cherry Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Color is progressing in the high country, and currently is in various stages ranging from 
mostly green to brilliant to bare trees.

Atypical Autumn Haze Near Sunset
High Country of High Knob Massif
Looking Across Grindstone Ridge
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

There is plenty of great color, but some trees have likely suffered from such an early change followed by a shift to warm, dry days.  Many trees, of course, are yet to change.

High Knob Massif
Early Autumn In The High Country
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

This despite a shift toward mild to unusually 
warm conditions across the high country.

High Knob Massif
Beauty In High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Yes, numerous trees are already bare around the summit level of the massif with many leaves falling.

Near High Knob Lookout
Bare Trees On Summit of High Knob
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Eagle Knob
September 1-23 Temperatures
Elevation 4188 feet

Average Daily MAX: 62.1 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 51.4 degrees
MEAN: 56.8 degrees
Highest Temperature: 73 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 41 degrees

Looking To Eagle Knob Communications Complex
Bare And Browning Trees Along High Crestlines
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

High Knob
September 1-23 Temperatures
Elevation 4106 feet

Average Daily MAX: 62.5 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 51.8 degrees
MEAN: 57.2 degrees
Highest Temperature: 73 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 42 degrees

While low-mid 70s might not seem unusually warm, maximum temperatures during the June-August period of Summer 2017 only reached 
77 degrees on Eagle Knob ( northern slope ), 
78 degrees on High Knob ( southern slope ) 
and 80 degrees at High Knob Lake.

Early Autumn In The High Country
Looking North From High Knob Lookout
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

High Knob Lake
September 1-23 Temperatures
Elevation 3527 feet

Average Daily MAX: 64.8 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 50.4 degrees
MEAN: 57.6 degrees
Highest Temperature: 76 degrees
Lowest Temperature: 41 degrees

Colder mountain valleys in the massif have averaged in the mid-upper 40s by night, with numerous nights already having dropped into 
the 30s during the first half of September.

The lowest temp during Summer 2017 dipped into the 30s, so when the first real deal push of autumn air reaches the high country by late next week into early days of October then 20s to lower 30s will become common within mountain valleys 
( widespread frost and sub-freezing conditions ).

The average September 1-23 low temperature in the Tri-Cities, of 54.7 degrees, remains nearly 3 degrees ( 2.8 ) above the average summer night observed in the Big Cherry Lake wetland valleys.  So despite one of the cooler first halves of September on record in the TRI, it has still been significantly milder at night than the typical summer night in these high valleys ( 2.8 degrees per night = 255 total degrees of difference for the summer season ).

Elevation 3527 feet
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Autumn Beauty At High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Some nice color is developing in one of the typical valley frost pockets, locally known at The Glades, amid extensive wetlands within the head of the Glady Fork Valley.

Elevation 2900 Feet
Big Stony Creek Basin of Clinch River
Glady Fork Wetland Valley of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Vegetation is so thick that it is hard to get around in the wetland valley, as my University Of Virginia's College At Wise microclimatology class found out during the weekend.

High Mountain Valley of High Knob Massif
Thick Vegetation In The Glades Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The Glades contain around 50 acres of wetlands sitting at an elevation of around 2900 feet above sea level.

High Knob Massif
Upper Portion of The Glades Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Valley floors become progressively higher in elevation upon traveling west and southwest from Bark Camp Lake, which itself rests in a respectively high valley at just over 2700 feet. 

Full Pool Elevation 2734 feet
Little Stony Creek of Clinch River Basin
Early Autumn Colorations At Bark Camp Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

High Knob Massif
Golden Rods ( Solidago spp. )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Color is not all in the trees at this time of year, with many plants and animals adding to the glorious spectrum of hues filling the mountain landscape.

Hanging Out On My Truck
Marbled Orb Weaver ( Araneus marmoreus )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Trees do get most of the attention, and when using a telephoto lens it is possible to see much color development along upper northern slopes, in particular, of the high country.

High Knob Massif
Colorful Northern Slopes In Upper Elevations
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

High Knob Massif
Colorful Northern Slopes In Upper Elevations
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

High Knob Massif
Colorful Northern Slopes In Upper Elevations
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Despite a long day with my students, I just could not pass up stopping by Benges Basin as sunset was fast approaching and the air turning cool.

Water Elevation 3318 feet
Benges Basin of Powell River
Upper Norton Reservoir of High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

In this case, a good decision.

Autumn Beauty at Upper Norton Reservoir
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved