Monday, March 6, 2017

Beginning Of Meteorological Spring 2017


March 4, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Majestic Afternoon In Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Majestic conditions graced afternoon hours of March 4 in the High Knob Massif.  Although a few small patches of snow lingered in the high country through this afternoon, lakes & wetlands had very little ice coverage in wake of significant rainfall and strong to severe thunderstorms on March 1.

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March 4, 2017
Big Cherry Lake Basin of High Knob Massif
American Beaver Activity In Wetland Valleys
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

From a regional perspective the Meteorological Winter period of December-February of 2016-17 was one of the warmest on record, generally ranking within the top 5.

Courtesy of the Morristown, Tn., NWSFO

Courtesy of the Charleston, Wv., NWSFO

High Knob Massif Mesonet
University Of Virginia's College At Wise

December-February Temperatures
Big Cherry Wetland Valley 3

Average Daily MAX: 44.7 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 25.2 degrees
MEAN: 35.0 degrees
Highest Temperature: 68 degrees
Lowest Temperature: -4 degrees

Although mean winter temperatures were in the mid-30s within high valleys of the High Knob Massif, colder than typically observed during a "normal" winter in the Tri-Cities, there is little doubt that winter conditions were anomalous 
here as well where only 20" to 30" of snow fell above 3000 feet.

*The 2 feet or so of snow that fell during Meteorological Winter in wetland valleys of Big Cherry Basin was far below average, with January alone typically producing this much atop the basin.

March 4, 2017
Big Cherry Lake Basin of High Knob Massif
Mountain Wave Clouds Above Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
Big Cherry Wetland Valley of High Knob Massif
Close Up of Lenticular Mountain Wave Clouds
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

While nocturnal temperatures in wetland valleys 
of Big Cherry Basin were up to 2.0 degrees colder than Burkes Garden, on average, during the period of December-February, the winter season produced such a progressive pattern that night-time coldness was limited by mixing and abundant clouds that reduced boundary layer decoupling. 

March 4, 2017
Northern Base of High Knob Massif
Whitewater In Legion Park - City Of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Winter 2016-17 was seasonally wet within the 
High Knob Massif area with a general 16.00" to 22.00" of total precipitation, greatest above 
3000 feet in the upper elevations.

March 4, 2017
Northern Base of High Knob Massif
Icy Whitewater In Legion Park - City Of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Wetland Valley of Big Cherry Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Wetland Valley of Big Cherry Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Wetland Valley of Big Cherry Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
Big Cherry Basin of High Knob Massif
American Beaver Lodge In Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Wetland Valley of Big Cherry Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 4, 2017
High Knob Massif
South Fork of Powell of Upper Tennessee Basin
Reflections On Beaver Pond In Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 9, 2017
University Of Virginia's College At Wise
Beautiful Evening Before The Art Guild Show
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 9, 2017
University Of Virginia's College At Wise
Beautiful Evening Before The Art Guild Show
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 9, 2017
University Of Virginia's College At Wise
Beautiful Evening Before The Art Guild Show
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 11, 2017
Not Yet In Bloom At Lower Elevations
Yellow Trout Lily ( Erythronium americanum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 11, 2017
Creamy-Yellow Daffodil ( Narcissus spp. )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 11, 2017
A Cold Night In The Mountains
Beautiful Moon Above The Cumberlands
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 13, 2017
First Trout Lilies Bloom In Lower Elevations
Yellow Trout Lily ( Erythronium americanum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 14, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Icicle Grows In Cold March Air
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Snow Covers High Country
March 13-15, 2017

A winter storm transformed the high country of the High Knob Massif into a wonderland during March 13-15, with wet snow followed by dry snow & rime.

March 15, 2017
Elevation 4196 feet
Mean Snow Depth 8-10"
Eagle Knob of High Knob Massif
Sunshine Illuminates Snow & Rime
Cody Blankenbecler Image - © All Rights Reserved

Snow depths of 6" to 12"+ were common across upper elevations of the massif above 3000 feet, with the deepest snow at highest elevations where all precipitation fell in the form of snow.

March 13, 2017
High Knob Massif Webcam
University Of Virginia's College At Wise
Just Before Precipitation Development

The wet snow phase into morning hours of March 14 was highly elevation biased, with the following totals observed by elevation:

High Knob Massif Summit Level: 5" at 4200 feet
High Chaparral Community: 2" at 3300 feet
Norton-Wise: 0.5" at 2300-2600 feet
Clintwood: 0" at 1600 feet

March 14, 2017
High Knob Massif Webcam
University Of Virginia's College At Wise
Break Between Wet Snow & Much Drier Snow

An additional 2" to 5" of new, low density 
snow fell into morning hours of March 15.

March 15, 2017
High Knob Massif Webcam
University Of Virginia's College At Wise
Bitter Cold Air In Wake Of NW Flow Snow

March 13-15 Winter Storm
( Mean Ground Depth AM March 15 )

Clintwood 1 W – Elevation 1560 feet
2.0″ Snowfall ( 1″ ground depth )

Nora 4 SSE – Elevation 2650 feet
3.1″ Snowfall ( 2″ ground depth )

City of Norton WP – Elevation 2342 feet
3.3″ Snowfall ( 2″ ground depth )

UVA-Wise – Elevation 2550 feet
4.0″ Snowfall ( 3″ ground depth )

3300 feet
High Chaparral of High Knob Massif
7.0″ Snowfall ( 6″ ground depth )

4196 feet
Eagle Knob of High Knob Massif
10.0″ Snowfall ( 6-12″+ depths )

March 15, 2017
High Knob Massif - Elevation 3300 feet
Deep Snow In High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

Darlene Fields captured beautiful scenes of the deep snow in the High Chaparral community, 4 air miles east of the peak of High Knob and the main crest zone containing a total of 15 peaks that rise to 3600 feet or higher in elevation.

March 15, 2017
Upper Tennessee River Basin
Deep Snow In High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

The High Chaparral community rests at the top of a divide separating the watersheds of Burns Creek, Big Stony Creek, and Little Stony Creek of the Clinch River of the great Upper Tennessee River Basin, with an array of homes generally between 3200 and 3400 feet above sea level.

March 15, 2017
Remnant Massif of High Knob Landform
Deep Snow In High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

Spring snow is common in the high country, with this week marking the 24 year anniversary of the great Superstorm of March 1993 when 46.0" of snow was measured in High Chaparral by 
Joe & Darlene Fields.*

*A snow depth of 58.0" was observed at the summit level of the massif.

March 15, 2017
Ground Depth In High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

The Winter Season of 2016-17 has been highly anomalous, with this marking only the third snowfall to generate depths of at least 6" or more.  In fact, this event either tied ( in High Chaparral ) or became the deepest observed so far this puny snowfall season that has only produced 
around 42" atop the massif.**

**In general it was very close to the January 27-30, 2017 snow event that produced 7.0" in High Chaparral
and 9.0" on Eagle Knob.

A check of the past 10 winter seasons in the high country of the High Knob Massif reveals that this current season has produced the least drifting of the past decade, and the least total snowfall.  Even the 2006-07 season produced more snow than this one despite max mean depths that barely topped half a foot.

Max Observed Snow Depths
( Drifts Reported or Estimated )

2006-07 Winter Season
6-7"+
( 3 feet drifts )

2007-08 Winter Season
6-12"
( 3 to 4 feet drifts )

2008-09 Winter Season
11-13"+ 
( 4 to 5+ feet drifts

2009-10 Winter Season
24-36"
( 4 to 5+ feet drifts )

2010-11 Winter Season
14-24"+
( 4+ feet drifts )

2011-12 Winter Season
12-24"
( 3+ feet drifts )

2012-13 Winter Season
30"
( 4 to 8 feet drifts )

2013-14 Winter Season
16-24"+
( 4 to 8 feet drifts )

2014-15 Winter Season
36-50"
( Larger Drifts )

2015-16 Winter Season
18-24"+
( 3 to 4+ feet drifts )

The previous 7 winter seasons prior to this one produced mean depths that reached at least 2 feet or more at highest elevations, with the massive snowpack of Winter 2014-15 standing out with 
its 3 to 4+ feet of mean snow depth at elevations 
above 3000 feet.


Majestic Sunbeams Of March 18

Following rain, thunderstorms, and snow melt a return to cold air late on March 18 generated some beautiful sunbeams ( crepuscular rays ) as viewed from Flag Rock Recreation Area, above the City of Norton, on northern slopes of the massif.

March 18, 2017
City of Norton Park In Cold N Winds
Flag Rock Recreation Area - High Knob Massif
Majestic Sunbeams From Flag Rock Overlook
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Probably the most amazing aspect were 
the changes which occurred as time passed.

March 18, 2017
Flag Rock Recreation Area - City of Norton
Majestic Sunbeams From Flag Rock Overlook
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Dr. Walter ( Wally ) Smith, of UVA-Wise, has discovered the greatest Green Salamander biomass per unit area currently known on the planet amid rugged cliffs of the Flag Rock area.


March 18, 2017
City of Norton Park
Green Salamander ( Aneides aeneus ) Sancutary
Majestic Sunbeams From Flag Rock Overlook
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The City of Norton has officially designated 
this area as a Green Salamander Sanctuary.

March 18, 2017
Looking Toward Town Of Wise
Approaching Sunset Flag Rock Recreation Area
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 18, 2017
Majestic Sunbeams From Flag Rock Overlook
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 18, 2017
Northern Slope Of High Knob Massif
Approaching Sunset Amid Icy North Winds
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 21, 2017
( Russell Fork Basin of Dickenson County )
Approaching Peak Bloom In Lower Elevations
Yellow Trout Lily ( Erythronium americanum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 21, 2017
Lower Elevations of Russell Fork Basin
Early Spring Phlox ( Phlox spp. ) Blooms
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Frigid Conditions 
In High Country

March 22, 2017
Big Cherry Basin of High Knob Massif
Chilly Spring Afternoon In Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Gusty north winds made the afternoon of March 22 feel chilly in the high country, with low-mid 40s air temps and colder wind chills.

Nothing compared to the 0 degree minimum observed in this area of the Big Cherry Lake Wetland Valley during morning hours of March 16.  The coldest valley low temperature observed in the region, continuing a trend observed throughout the Winter Season of 2016-17.

March 22, 2017
Valley Floor Elevation 3150-3200 Feet
Big Cherry Basin of High Knob Massif
Chilly Spring Afternoon In Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The minimum observed in High Knob Lake Basin dipped to 4 degrees above zero during morning hours of March 16 ( 5 degrees was recorded in Burkes Garden ).

March 22, 2017
Valley Floor Elevation 3527 Feet
High Knob Lake Basin of High Knob Massif
Chilly Spring Afternoon At High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 22, 2017
Extended Time Exposure Of High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 22, 2017
Valley Floor Elevation 3527 Feet
High Knob Lake Basin of High Knob Massif
Chilly Spring Afternoon At High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 22, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
March Storm Damage At High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Early Spring Wildflowers

March 27, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 27, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Coltsfoot Tussilago farfara )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 27, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Ramps ( Allium tricoccum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 27, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Yellow Trout Lily ( Erythronium americanum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

March 27, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Rue-anemone ( Thalictrum thalictroides )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

This section is under construction.  Please check back.

Friday, February 3, 2017

Late Winter 2016-17 In High Knob Massif


February 3, 2017
Gravity Waves Above High Knob Massif
Snow Covered High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

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February 3 marked a week ( 7 days ) with 1" or more 
of snow depth on the ground in High Knob Lake Basin, nothing in a typical winter but an achievement during this snow drought Winter Season of 2016-17 in the southern Appalachians.

February 3, 2017
Head of Big Stony Creek of Clinch River
Snow Covered High Knob Lake Basin
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Although snow had melted and settled a great deal since max depths were reported on January 29-30, a general 1" to 3" remained on the ground amid many 6-10" drifts along mountain ridge lines.

February 3, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Snowy Terrain Along State Route 619
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

I took a snow core on 5.5" of snow depth and obtained a water content 
of 1.35" .  No rain or new snow accumulation had occurred since the late January snowfall, with limited rime drop from trees.  The water content may have been concentrated, but the remaining depths at this elevation and latitude suggested that initial reports of more than 8" were on target for highest elevations in the massif ( the heaviest snowfall centered upon the High Knob Lake and Big Cherry Lake basins ).

Elevation 3300 Feet
Half A Foot Of Snow Depth
Snow In High Chaparral On January 30, 2017
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

With 6.5" of total snowfall measured at 3300 feet in High Chaparral, some 4 air miles to the east + the snow core data obtained from the main crest zone nearly 1000 vertical feet higher, it is likely that storm totals were in the 8-10" range.  Depths were wind blown and variable, ranging from near bare ground to more than 2 feet ( the 6-10" on February 3 being remnants of these large drift lines which often form along high mountain ridges in the massif during winter storm and upslope events ).

February 3, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Snow Drifts In High Knob High Country
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Some drifts were likely a foot or more, but ones 
I measured with a yard stick were 6" to 10" deep.

February 3, 2017
Snow-Ice Packed Route 237
The Big Cherry Road Along Little Mountain
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Snow drifts often block Route 237, about 0.5 mile from this location ( above ), where air flow funnels through a high mountain pass that local residents call Davenport Gap ( a mountain gap along the southeastern rim of 
Big Cherry Lake Basin ).

February 3, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Snowy Terrain Along State Route 619
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

State Route 619 and Route 238 were mostly clear of 
ice and snow, with some icy patches remaining on the 
High Knob Lookout road ( below ).

February 3, 2017
Wind Blown Snow Across High Knob Peak
Snow Drifts & Icy Patches Along Lookout Road
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Wind chills were at and below 0 degrees atop the 
massif, simply brutal trying to take pictures for any photographer who does all their own settings manually like I do.  Numb fingers!!

*Afternoon temperatures were in the upper 10s 
and WNW winds were gusting 20-30 mph at times.

February 3, 2017
Clearing Skies Begin At Sunset
Beautiful Clouds Over The City Of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Skies began clearing just as sunset arrived with some beautiful cloud formations being visible above the City of Norton, nestled amid the northern base of the great massif.

February 3, 2017
Clearing Skies At Sunset
Beautiful Clouds Over The City Of Norton
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Clearing skies set the stage for a bitterly cold night, 
with single digits in upper elevations of the High Knob Massif prior to midnight on February 3.

The opportunity for high valleys to plunge to 0 degrees or below existed, off snow covered terrain, with decoupling and cold air drainage amid the advection of low dewpoint air.  Time would tell.

February 5, 2017
First Quater Moon Over Cumberlands
Moon Rise Through Ice Crystal Clouds
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 5, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Clear View Of First Quarter Moon Rise
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Snow remained localized on the colder northern slopes in upper elevations of the High Knob Massif through February 6, as Dr. Phil Shelton and I visited High Knob Lake area during late afternoon.

No snow was visible on February 8.

February 8, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Life On Trees - A Mid-Latitude Rain Forest
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The abundant wetness of the High Knob Massif generates so much life on trees that it is analogous in many ways to a rain or cloud forest.  In this case it is a mid-latitude rain-cloud forest since temps get cold and most winter seasons feature large amounts of snow.

February 8, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Life On Trees - A Mid-Latitude Rain Forest
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

On this afternoon it was not hard to envision why there is so much moisture, with fog drip ( off trees ) producing orographic clouds.

February 8, 2017
Looking SW Into Big Cherry Lake Basin
Orographic Clouds Engulfing High Country
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

This was not; however, a day like many when orographic clouds form and persist constantly with very low visibility.  This afternoon was a treat as I observed the translation, or propagation, of a low-level orographic wave with periods dominated by wind driven clouds 
( when air was rising ) separated by periods with good visibility ( when air was sinking ).

February 8, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Period With Good Visibility And Waves Aloft
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

With so many waves visible above these low-level orographic clouds, it is possible that this was coupled with a wave train aloft.  Without a mobile Doppler or profiler I can not be certain, but without question the periods of swirling clouds with low visibility were coming and going at regular intervals, separated by periods with open skies and good visibility, as would occur with the passage of low-level wave crests ( with rising air ) and wave troughs ( with sinking air ).

*These low-level waves being a small-scale inverse reflection of the long waves in the atmosphere that feature rising air on the synoptic-scale in advance of troughs and sinking air beneath the large-scale ridges. 

February 8, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
The Next Wave Of Orographic Clouds Build
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The time interval between these waves of wind driven clouds, and calm open sky periods, was approximately 20-30 minutes.

February 8, 2017
Several Distinct Cloud Layers Visible
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Several distinctive cloud layers were visible 
when the low-level orographic clouds opened,
as well as some nice lenticular cloud forms.

February 8, 2017
High Knob Massif
Stacked Lenticular Clouds
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

A radical temperature plunge produced 2-3" of new snow across the massif into February 9, with Darlene Fields measuring 2" of snow depth at her home while snow was still falling.

February 9, 2017
Elevation of 3300 feet
Mean Ground Depth Of 2"
Snow In The High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

The general 6" to 8"+ of snow that fell during January 29-30 took up until February 7 to melt completely away from upper elevations in the massif 
( with new snow falling February 9 ).

January 30, 2017
Elevation 3300 feet
Mean Ground Depth Of 6"
Snow Depth In The High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

By February 10 it all became about roaring SW winds.

And I do mean ROARing.

February 10, 2017
SW Winds ROAR In Cumberlands
The Full Snow Moon Of February 2017
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

It is common at this time of year, in the mountains, for this full "Snow Moon" to be shinning upon snow and a snowpack in the high country of the High Knob Massif.

This winter season, by contrast, only a light covering remains mostly on northern slopes at highest elevations in the massif, as it has not been possible to sustain snow cover for more than the recent 10 day period noted previously ( January 29-February 7 ).

A little different position and light on the waning moon
allowed craters to be a little more visible on February 13.

February 13, 2017
Waning Snow Moon With Craters Visible
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

With so much UP and Down conditions this winter season many species are trying to get a jump on spring.

February 13, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Easter Flower Buds ( Narcissus spp. )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 13, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Tiny Bittercress Blooms ( Cardamine spp. )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

While I was shooting a macro of these TINY blooms 
of Bittercress, a Fishing Spider came by so I took his 
( her ) picture as well.

February 13, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Dark Fishing Spider ( Dolomedes tenebrosus )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 13, 2017
Cumberland Mountains
Stringy Stonecrop ( Sedum sarmentosum )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved


Wet Snowfall of February 15

A fall of wet snow, with a general 2" to 5" above 2500 feet, coated the middle-upper elevations of Wise County, northern Scott County and southern Dickenson County into morning hours of February 15.

February 15, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Wet Snow Accumulation In High Chaparral
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

While some rime accumulated at highest elevations, 
it was a bounty of wet snow that coated trees, power lines, and everything else at mid-upper elevations.

February 15, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Accumulation In High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved

This was captured beautifully by veteran snowfall 
observer Darlene Fields, at 3300 feet elevation, in the High Chaparral community of the high country surrounding High Knob.

February 15, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Accumulation In High Chaparral Community
Photograph by Darlene Fields - © All Rights Reserved


Contrasting Conditions - February 19

Damp and foggy weather greeted the morning of February 19 at upper elevations in the High Knob Massif where orographic clouds hung low into the wetland valleys of Big Cherry Lake Basin.

February 19, 2017
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Foggy Within Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

The only snow remaining was in ditch lines and 
places where VDOT snow plows had piled it up.

*Snow had melted off northern slopes 
during afternoon hours of February 18.

February 19, 2017 
Upper Elevations of High Knob Massif
Foggy Within Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Ice Man Fungus ( Fomes fomentarius
on Yellow Birch (Betula alleghaniensis  )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

Although mild by High Knob Massif standards, the month of February 2017 had produced some chill with mean temperatures recorded in wetland valleys of Big Cherry Lake around 34 degrees during the Feb 1-19.

High Knob Massif Mesonet
Big Cherry Wetland Valley 3
( February 1-19, 2017 )

Average Daily MAX: 45.8 degrees
Average Daily MIN: 22.9 degrees
MEAN: 34.4 degrees

Highest Temperatures
60 degrees Feb 7 and 66 degrees Feb 12

Lowest Temperatures
6 degrees Feb 4 and 7 degrees Feb 10

February 19, 2017
Diversity of Life in Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
Diversity of Life in Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
Diversity of Life in Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
Diversity of Life in Big Cherry Wetland Valley
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
Majestic Diversity of Life in High Knob Massif
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Majestic Afternoon At High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Water Reflections On High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Water Reflections Of Lake Trail Bridge
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
Elevation 3520 Feet Above Sea Level
Water Reflections On High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Water Reflections On Wetland Above Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Majestic Late Afternoon Light & Reflections
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Majestic Late Afternoon Light & Reflections
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 19, 2017
High Knob Lake Recreation Area
Northern Hardwood Forest At High Knob Lake
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 22, 2017
In Lower Elevation At Clintwood
Early Blooming Daffodil ( Narcissus spp. )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 22, 2017
In Lower Elevation At Clintwood
Early Blooming Daffodil ( Narcissus spp. )
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 24, 2017
Lower Elevations of Cumberland Mountains
The First Periwinkle ( Vinca minor ) Blooms
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 24, 2017
Lower Elevations of Cumberland Mountains
First Coltsfoot ( Tussilago farfara ) Blooms
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

February 24, 2017
Lower Elevations of Cumberland Mountains
The First Periwinkle Vinca minor ) Blooms
Photograph by Wayne Browning - © All Rights Reserved

This section is under construction.  Please check back.